The Healing Properties of Gemstones
Abalone Shells enhance feelings of peace, compassion, protection, love and emotional balance. Abalone aids in stimulating physical development and intuition, clearing and releasing emotions of fears, sorrow or negative feelings. Abalone strengthens the heart muscles, alleviate stress and anxiety, help with joint disorders and arthritis. The beautiful colours encourage the beauty, feelings of love, gentleness, caring, comfort, peace, delight, commitment and solace. It brings with it a natural sheilding that blesses the person wearing it with tranquility. It is an excellent companion for those going through emotional turmoil or having a hard time dealing with situations in relationships.
Amazonite has a calming effect on the soul and spirit. It is refered to as the stone of truth and courage. It is an empouring stone that facilates self-discovery, self-awareness and the ability to embrace one's own integrity and truths. Amazonite enhances romantic relationships, rational thinking, compassion and the ability to see both sides of any issue and appreciate a different point of view. It is an excellent communication stone that facilitats calm, rational communication by quelling overly-emotional feelings and holding irrational thoughts in check.
Amazonite aids with spiritual healing through its ability to impart a balanced, rational , perception of personal truths, intellect and intutition while spiritual exploration and healing take place. It also strengthens marriage, enhance love, forgivness and letting go of anger, jealousy and resentment. Amazonite enhances cell regeneration, healing from injury, and help the nervous system disorders. It rectifies metobolic inbalances that interfere with calcium absorption, strengthens brittle hair and nails, help with hair loss, pain from gout, osteoarthritis and prevent infections.It also facilitates recovery from emotional wounds due to trama, reduce agressivness, help with the coping of stress in a more rational and productive way. Amazonite aids in harmonious meditation, impacts balance, flexibility and relaxation.
Amber is a powerful yet gentle healer and cleanser of the body, mind and spirit. It promotes fertility and is a great stone to use when preparing a healing or birthing room. Amber helps to increase confidence, mental clarity and creative self-expression. It enhances organ elimination, including the kidneys, liver, bladder, and stomach. Amber absorbs pain and negative energy, draw disease from the nervous system, balance the right and left side of the brain and assists in the rejuvenation of cells and tissues. It also alleviates stress and aids in the healing of kidney and bladder cancers.
Amethyst is a powerful, protective stone. It is exceptional in providing spiritual protection against negative energy and is helpful in purifying and calming the mind and clearing negative thoughts. Amethyst boost physic abilities, spiritual awareness, help with substance abuse, fevers and cleansing of the blood. It relieves stress, depression and fear, creating an energetic shield that creates a bubble of spiritual light around the body. Amethyst assist in wise decision-making, facilitate meditation, intuition, aborbs toxic emotions, prosperity, clears anxiety and stress.
Amethyst heal the immune system and imbalances within the body and aids with sleeping. Amethyst is especially supportive of the emotional body, bringing those who are overworked, overstressed, or overwhelmed back to the centre. It eases the mental anxieties that lead to physical tension and headaches and is great for calming those who tend to be hot-headed and easily angered.
Aquamarine is a protective stone with many mystical powers, brings good fortune, promote intellectual growth, strengthens the ties of marriage by evoking feelings of love, trust and harmony, ensuring long-lasting relationships.
The soothing, calming energy of aquamarine helps to create overall calmness and balance in our lives. It protects against infidelity, brings peace of mind, magnifies occult powers and serenity and peace of mind. It is a powerful gemstone to heighten courage and inner strength, reduce stress and release anger. Aquamarine promote good health, luck, aide in the cure of ailments relating to kidneys, bladder and retention of fluids in the body. Aquamarine eases mental stress, depression and grief, sharpen mental clarity and circulate the blood.
Blue Lace Agate
Blue lace agate is a great emotional, protective, healing stone.It neutralizes anger and helps us to deal with intense emotions with a level head and calm heart. It is an excellent stone for meditation and bringing one to a higher state of conciousness. Blue lace agate is calming, uplifting, and protect against mental, emotional and physical harm. Blue lace agate helps us return to our natural state of joy, rejuvenate the body and spirit. It promotes tranquility, enhance wealth, good luck and is a symbol of freedom, peace, love, happiness and serenity. Blue lace agate help in the expression of feelings and thoughts in the most beautiful and effective way possible, reduce stress, feelings of rejection, and lowers high blood pressure. It helps us to see our blessings, encourage us to be grateful, protect our relationships from anything or anyone that threaten to destroy it and promote maturity, composure and stability.
Bloodstone is a stone of strength, grounding, courage, purification and vitality. It calms the mind, improve physical strength, enhances wealth and self-esteem, promote love for family, fight evil, jelousy and enhance decision-making. Bloodstone also boosts the spirit, ease a broken heart, bring good fortune, minimize aggression, impatience, and irritability. It is a powerful purifier and healing tool to rid the aura of negative energy and restore balance and wholeness.
Bloodstone increase strength, determination and courage to excell in challenges and achieve dreams. It aids in the healing of blood-related cancers such as leukemia, skin cancers, bone cancers and shrinks tumors. Bloodstone strengthens the immune system, detoxifies, invigorates the lymphatic system, promotes the healing of infections. It also strengthens the heart, liver, kidneys, intestines, bone marrow, treat blood disorders and enhance blood flow.
Carnelian is a stone of passion and sexuality, helping to calm the fears of death and rebirth and bringing serenity and acceptance of the great cycle of life. It increases personal power, physical energy, gives courage, boosts creativity and compassion and aids in meditation by allowing deeper concentration and keeping out interruptive thoughts. It also promotes self-awareness, allowing our spiritual energy to flow more freely.
Carnelian stimulates, balance and heal women's reproductive system including the uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes, cervic and vaginia.
It eases PMS and promotes responsible sexuality. It also influences the male and female reproductive organs by
increasing fertility, overcoming impotence and frigidity. Carnelian calms anger, ground us in reality, help to focus on the here and now and not on the past. In addition carnelian is a great support for pregnant and new mothers, easing the fear of parenting. It also helps with lower back problems, rheumatism, blood circulation, alleviates problems of the liver, bladder, kidneys and spleen.
Carnelian promotes the sacredness of home and family and help us to be comfortable and anchored even in the most chaotic environment, gives protection from negative emotions like envy, rage or resentment and reduce the feelings of jelousy and possessiveness in romantic relationships.
Citrine is the stone of light and happiness, enhancing clarity of mind, promoting self-discipline, cleansing and energizing the body. Citrine is a powerful purifier of our will center and help us to go after and achieve our goals. It promotes joy and optimism, attracts abundance, wards off depression and unhappiness. Citrine has the power to boost physical energy, assist with digestion, blood circulation, detoxifying the liver and kidneys, help with back problems, promote restful sleep, and improve the immune system.
Citrine opens the higher mind to accept joy in one's life, release anger and negative feelings, deep-seated fears and destructive tendencies. It also reduces sensitivity to circumcision, inspires creativity and self-expression, raises self-esteem and allows one to let go of the past and move forward.
Coral has magical healing and aids in achieving spiritual height. Coral boost self-confidence and get rid of evil spirit, black magic and hexing. It helps to regulate anger, protect against ulcers, pancreas and lung-related problems, heal physical wounds and help in resolving depression. Coral stimulate the human senses to feel the beauty of life, eliminate the fear of failure and doubt, and enable the expression of confidence. Coral Infuse peace, joy, security, courage, clears the mind and has a positive influence on the body's circulatory system.
Coral enhance wisdom and modesty, reduce stress and fear, promote healthy family life, combat depression, suicidal feelings, panic and nightmares. It also helps women who struggle with infertility, and is a great purifier for the body, particularly in purging toxins.
Dendritic is the symbol of a long life. It is a helpful stone to invoke in twelve-step programs, meditation and therapy. The warmth and protection of this gemstone encourage self-confidence, fidelity and security. It aids in relaxation, opens the mind to higher inner truths and thoughts, promote inner stability, spiritual growth and stimulates peace and calm.
Dendritic alleviates stress, depression, anxiety and tension. It helps in stimulating the digestive system, beneficial for the eyes, intestines, uterus and stomach. It guards against sleepwalking, improves concentration, transforms and eliminates negative energies. It also stimulate the blood system, releaves pain and realign the spine.
Fluorite is a highly protective and stabilizing stone, useful for grounding and harmonizing spiritual energy. It increases intuitive abilities, linking the human mind to universal consciousness and developes connection to the spirit. Fluorite heightens mental abilities assisting in rapid organization and processing of information, bringing mental clarity to a chaotic situation. It enhances spiritual awakening, inner peace, unity and creativity. It also absorbes negative energies, shield from physic manipulation, calms the emotion, stimulate clear communications and the bring harmones into balance.
Fluorite increases the power of concentration, self-confidence and helps in decision-making. It encourages positivity and improve balance and coordination, both physically and mentally. Fluorite also enhance mental functions by balancing the chemistry in the brain. It also boost the immune system, stimulate the regeneration and restructuring of cells, particularly in the skin and respiratory tract. It heals ulcers and wounds, strengthen the bone tissues, alleviate rheumatism, arthritis and spinal injuries.
Garnet is a gemstone of vitality and passion, enhancing sexuality, bringing warmth, devotion and understanding to relationships. It is the symbol of health and enhances energy and pleasure. Garnet aids with abundance, alleviates feelings of fear, worry and panic, allowing us to feel more grounded and connected to ourselves in the present moment.
Garnet gemstone stimulates the blood, combats depression and its energy is balancing and peaceful. It symbolizes faith, truth, courage, grace, compassion, fidelity and assists with the healing of cancer. Garnet stimulates desires and uplifts attitudes.
Hypersthene calms, soothes, ground and is especially helpful for an overactive mind. It promotes spiritual and universal awareness, and helps one to become more tolerant and less judgemental. By calming, grounding and protecting us, it is an excellent aide for deep meditation, profound inner reflections, taking us on journeys into other dimensions and alternate planes of consciousness.
Hyperstene encourages positive beliefs, promote a healthy trust that good things will come about. It also encourages loyalty, boosts memory, aide in achieving a meditative state, aide in past life by creating optimal conditions for channeling and facilitate communications with spiritual beings. This gemstone help us to organize our thoughts, enhance the ability to find solutions to problems and helpful ways of moving forward.
Howlite gives the gift of wisdom, truth and is a treasurehouse of healing powers. It is a great tool for focusing in meditation. It is also a powerful calming stone, helpful in processing emotions, and gives peace, happiness and contentment in all aspects of life. Howlite effectively softens or removes anger and aggression, enhance motivation, heighten creativity, aide in reducing anxiety, insomnia and stress. Howlite is a great memory enhancer and mood stabilizer and also helps to balance calcium levels, attract wealth and prosperity.
Jade is the gemstone of harmony and tranquility, promoting prosperity and abundance, balancing the nerves, soothing the cardiac rhythm, revitalizing energy and guarding against illness. It is effective in giving therapeutic cures to the kidneys, heart and stomach. Jade is associated with fertility, childbirth, toxin removal, blood cleansing, calming the nervous system and attracting love. It also guard against misfortunes, accidents, and is an excellent healer for emotions like depression.
Kyanite opens and clears the body's communication centers to attract angels and spiritual guides. It brings tranquility,boosts the immune system, aides with grounding, and promotes an emotional sense of healing. Kyanite enhances spiritual awakening, spiritual connectivity, and is very helpful in moments of emotional distress or tumultuous periods. It is an excellent stone to use in meditation and helps with focusing. It also calms and quites the mind and provides a link for transmitting or receiving healing energy.
Kyanite assists in working through disagreements, disputes and help to repair damaged relationships. It helps the nerves, tissues, and re-establish pathways through and around intrusive traumas, such as broken bones, surgery and other severe injuries. It also creates new neutral pathways to heal the brain after head trauma, seizure and stroke.
Kyanite has the power of flexability,relaxation and balance. It also brings trust, faith, patience, respect and is excellent for recovery efforts from addictions or destructive patterns. It is great for curbing tempers.
Larimar is used to promote healing of the upper body, especially the heart and nerves. Larimar promotes tranquility, peace, clarity and love. It has high healing vibrations with physical and emotional recovery, bringing out inner beauty, increase intuition and remove energy backlogs.
Larimar helps relationships that are undergoing stress, cools hot tempers, encourage feelings of love and promote a soothing and relaxing environment. It is a nurturing stone that helps to reduce depression, enhance confidence, heal emotional trauma, and is helpful to pregnant women and new mothers to get over stress. Larimar helps in healing bipolar disorder, aids in controlling high blood pressure, reduces the frequency of hot flashes and regulates the proper functioning of the immune system.
Lapis is a protective stone that brings inner peace and freedom from negative thoughts. It is a stone of wisdom, creative expression and enhances physical abilities. Lapis is a gemstone of awareness and truth, assists in relaxation, relationships and depression. It releaves insomnia, stress, anxiety, vertigo, backache and dizziness. It also enhance memory, repair muscles, broken bones and fractures. Lapis encourages honesty, promotes prosperity, helps in pregnancy, strengthens true friendships and brings happiness in love.
Labradorite is a powerful gemstone that stimulates inner awareness, unifies the mind, body and spirit so that the whole energy can work in harmony to help achieve dreams and goals. It enhances the mental intuitive abilities of clairvoyance, telepathy and assist in communication with higher guides and spirits.
Labradorite releases feelings of hopelessness and anxiety and replace them with feelings of hope and happiness and prevent others from tapping in and draining our energy. It is helpful in the treatment of brain disorders, bronchitis, stress and high blood pressure.
manLava Rock is the oldest, most powerful stone in the world and is made from fiery lava in the core of the earth. Due to the strong connection to the earth, lava rock is stabling, grounding and its origin plays a key roll in its energic qualities. Lava rock is considered to be a stone of rebirth that sheds unneeded emotioanal layers. It is very useful when solving problems and will assist one in a calm and logical manner.
Lava rock restores energy and vitality, help with depression, releases pressure and tension, calms intense energies, teaches us to be persistent and strong. This stone is about the intensity, depth and changes that are necessary for our lives and help us to see beyond our present-days
Malachite is a healing stone that promotes harmony and well-being. It is a stone of transformation, encouraging change and emotional risk-taking. It encourages expressions of feelings, alleviates shyness and teaches responsibility for one's own thoughts and actions. Malachite supports friendships and empathy for others, battle depression and encourages relationships based on love and not need. It is an effective remedy for female problems, especially regulating the menstrual cycle and cramps and for easing labor.
Malachite releaves cold sweat, malaria, trembling and parkinson's disease. It also help with asthma, kidney and gallstones. Malachite fights osteoarthritis, most notably in the spine. It also strengthen memory, aide in the healing of fractures, swolen joints, tumors, muscles and broken bones. Malachite enhance the immune system, stimulate the liver to release toxins, reduce swelling and inflamation related to arthritis and help with hypertension and tumors.
Mystic Topaz protects against harm, heals disturbing emotions, helps with depression and fear, stimulates metabolism and digestion, regulates blood flow, heals blood disorders, damaged tissues and strengthens the thyroid gland.
This healing stone, helsp with weight loss, improves relationships, encourages a strong connection to faith, religion or spirituality, and aids in opening and protecting hearts that are too trusting.
A blue topaz stone helps to balance emotions, a green topaz stone offer protection from harm and negative thoughts, a red topaz stone promotes trust and an open heart, and a gold topaz stone attract wealth and power.
Moonstone Gemstone is a sacred and powerful healing stone. It is known as a stone for lovers, bringing harmony to marriage. It is the stone of destinity, aids with sleep, opens the heart to nurturing qualities and reunite loved ones who have parted in anger.
Moonstone is the stone of love and eroticism, enhancing fertility and promoting ease in pregnancy. It is also linked deeply with good fortune, known for it's calming, soothing qualities on the emotional body and provide spiritual nourishment and sustenance to assist us through changes. It is a protective stone that helps to deflect negative or harmful energies before they enter our energy field.
Onyx is a stone of inner strength and protection and believed to be the most important healing and spiritual gemstone in existence. Onyx enhances endurance and persistence, empowers the mind, increases attention and energy, promotes self-control, encourages wise decision-making and is the stone of stability, strength, wisdom and deep grounding.
Black Onyx is highly protective, shielding the body from negative and harmful energies, heightens self-awareness, repels black magic, and help the lost soul to find the right path. It assists in overcoming kidney and liver diseases, strengthen bone structures as well as treat skin problems such as rashes, fungal infection and sunburn. It also support bones and teeth, easing conditions that cause them pain or lead to poor functioning and boosts immune system.
Onyx help us to get over previous relationships and let go of the past. It also helps the mind, body and spirit align with the universe, ward off evil spirits, deflect negativy, sharpen the senses and let us become grounded, confident and balanced.
Onyx is useful in meditation for the purpose of seeking spiritual guidance.
Opal is a emotional gemstone, representing love, passion, desire and eroticism. It is also an emotional stabelizer, bringing about loyalty and faithfulness. It charms the personality of the wearer, enhances imagination and creativity, instills confidence, enhances dignity and self-esteem. Opal has great healing powers, beneficial in treating infections, fever and other physical ailments. It purifies the blood and kidneys, regulates insulin, and provides comfort during PMS and childbirth. Opal improves memory and is beneficial for the eyes. It aids in healing broken hearts and relationships, strengthens the immune system, and builds up resistance, keeping away infections and diseases.
There are many different types of opal, they all bring good luck and are very sensitive to the energies of the wearer. It is a very expressive stone and when positive vibrations are projected the stone will be extremely beneficial. Negative energies will also be projected and dispensed in the same manner, hence it is advisable not to use opal when feeling down, low, pessimistic or sad.
White Opal activates the glands, regulates biological rhythms and helps to avoid disharmony and uncontrolled behaviours. It balances the right and left hemispheres of the brain, thus managing neurological disorders in imbalances.
Black Opal helps to alleviate chronic weaknesses, disease in the bones and other tissues in the body. It is helpful in attaining higher spirituality.
Fire Opal protects against danger and posesses great healing powers. It increases passion in relationships, stimulates sexual organs, improve kidney functions and possesses excellent powers that help in letting go of the past.
Blue Opal is an emotional healer, considered as the stone for all wishes and helps to heal past traumatic or disturbing experiences.
Green Opal is great for cleansing and rejuvenating the mind. It boosts energy and eases flues and colds, promotes emotional healing and recovery which helps in the nurturing of relationships.
Blue-Green Opal eases emotional burdens and helps us to observe the world with different and new perspectives. It helps in detoxifying the liver and feelings of constriction in the ear or chest, caused by intense emotions.
Pink Opal activates extrasensory perception at a spiritual level. It is helpful in healing blood diseases, headaches, muscle tensions and spinal disorders and is very helpfull in emotional issues.
Pearls symbolize peace, purity, spiritual transformation, charity, honesty, wisdom and integrity, all the best within us. They signify faith, innocence, and is known as a stone of sincerity, bringing truth to situations and loyalty to causes and inhibits boisterous behaviours. Pearls can stimulate femininity and help with self acceptance. They lift our spirits and make us feel calm and beautiful and remind us to walk with dignity. Pearls not only provide a mirror in which to see ourselves, but give us insight into how we appear to others.
Pearls help us to get in touch with the simple, honest things in life and are helpful in treating disorders of the digestive tract, muscular systems and the skin. They aid in fertility as well as easing the discomforts of the birthing process. Pearls are considered to be very effective in treating health issues related to the stomach, heart and spleen. It calms the mind, and prevents hysteria, promoting stability.
Pearls are believed to boost sexual energy, strengthen visual acuity and heal ear diseases. It is beneficial for the heart, lungs (against tuberculosis, asthma, chronic bronchitis) kidneys, urinary system and liver. Pearls possess sedative and also laxative effects, nutralize poison, lower acidity and relieve conditions of bloating and biliousness.
Pearls occur in a variety of colours, which depend on the type of clam or oyster that produce it, as well as the environment it was produced in. Apart from the time-honoured milky-white hue, pearls are also available in silver, cream color, green, lavender, black, blue and golden shades
Peridot is the gemstone of both financial and spiritual abundance, bringing wealth, prosperity, insight, and protection against evil spirits. It promotes positivity, happiness and light, giving us the will power and motivation to full-heartedly pursue dreams and desires. Peridot is a powerful cleanser, release and neutralize toxins, alleviates jealousy, resentment, anger and guilt.
It also open hearts to new joy and new relationships, strengthens the immune system, balance bipolar disorders, aide disorders of the heart, lungs, gallbladder and strengthens the eyes.
Clear Quartz is the master of all healing crystals, due to its ability to magnify or amplify healing vibrations of other crystals. It is extremely beneficial in spiritual healing, enhance personal awareness and growth, act as a beacon of light and energy for highly spiritual people and symbolizes one's freedom from enemies. Clear quartz enhance spiritual development, removes magic spell, clears the mind of negativity to enhance higher spiritual receptiveness.
Clear Quartz is beneficial for physical healing of any condition that negatively affect physically health. It removes toxins, correct disorders of the digestive tract, bladder and kidneys, treats migrane headaches, vertigo and motion sickness. Clear Quartz enhances feelings and thoughts, improving perception, increase patience, while imparting the ability to laugh, love and live life in harmony with all living things.
Rose Quartz is a stone of unconditional love, opening the heart to self-love, romantic love, love of family, friends and community. It is a great stone of healing and flooding the body with positive energy. Its soothing vibrations help to calm negative emotions, and revitalize the body, physically and emotionally. It also release the harmful feelings of anger and resentment and replace them with faith, peace, and hope for the future.
Rose Quartz provide emotional support during difficult times of stress, heartache and grief. It disolves sorrow, worry, fear, and resentment, supporting the heart's ability to give and recieve love and replace it with healing, comfort and inner nourishment.
Rose Quartz carries a soft feminine energy of compassion, peace, tenderness, healing and nourishment. The soft pink emanates comfort, and heal wounds the heart has suffered, penetrating the inner chambers of the heart chakra where emotional experiences are recorded and stored.
Smoky Quartz is the stone of pure white light, linking us to the highest relm of being and amplifies truth. It is known as the stone of serenity, peace, comfort, mental clarity and awareness. It is a highly protective stone, excellent for anchoring and grounding and amplifies the healing process of those undergoing radiation treatment.
Smoky Quartz creates a shield around the wearer to protect against negative powers. It is a great healer, treating kidneys, pancreas, abdomen, reproductive organs, monthly cycle and fertility issues. Smoky Quartz removes toxins, heals the adrenal glands, relieves the retention of fluids, help with nightmares, insomnia, stress, depression, anxiety and aids in overcoming addiction which is harmful to the health.
Rhodochrosite is a gemstone of emotional healing, self-love and compassion. It helps the healing of past relationships and other emotional wounds, encouraging expressions of love, affection, and follow the heart's desires without fear of the unknown. It is the perfect healer for anyone who was abandoned and feels unloved. It is the stone for healing sexual abuse, skin disorders, viral infections and cancers. It also aids in liver purification and coronary issues.
When we are feeling creatively stuck or spiritually adrift tiger's eye serves as a spiritual compass that guides us towards the light, helping us to harness the powers of the universe in matters of the heart and career ambitions. It promotes emotional balance, stimulates creativity, mental focus, confidence and releases emotional blockage.
Tiger's Eye enhance abundance, good luck, and teaches us to live with integrity, climb the career mountain and aim for the stars. It encourages us to go out of our comfort zone, allowing growth, change and transformation to our true selves. It also helps to reduce toxins, reduce pain, strengthen the bone structure and serves as an anti-inflammatory agent.
Tiger's Eye give strength to the weak and sick, help with asthma, heart disease, nourish the reproductive organs and is beneficial for the eyes.
Tourmaline helps to combine the spirit, soul, intellect and body into one harmonious whole, giving rise to wisdom and creativity. It is grounding, nurturing, and brings joy, satisfaction, commitment and emotional stability. Tourmaline stimulates healing of the heart, has a calming effect, brings energies of love, compassion and tollerance, build inner strength and unite the heart, mind and spirit in love and passion. It helps when facing emotional challenges, opens the heart to love, brings peace and hope, promotes self confidence, attracts prosperity and enhances energy.
Tourmaline strengthens the function of the sexual organs, stimulate blood circulation in the spleen and liver, helps with heart problems, coughs, colds and physical energy. It also stimulates the pineal gland, helps to reduce the side effects of chronic fatigue syndrome, alzheimers, epilepsy, migranes, and can be used to treat intestinal disorders and skin issues.
Tourmaline protects against, prevents and clears, spirit attachments, negative entities spirit possession, and bad vibrations.
Turquoise is a symbol of friendship, and is one of the healing master stones that promotes an energetic flow of the highest vibration of love and happiness. It opens the connection between friends and allow love to flow in these communications, which strengthen the friendship bond. It also gives personal protection, good luck, and clears the path to higher conciousness.
Turquoise promotes peace, relieves chronic stress, aide in depression, viral infections, and exhaustion. It also purify the lungs, heal the eyes, enhance serenity, empathy, positive thinking, and sensitivity to ancient wisdom.